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The City of Dumaguete is a city in the Philippine province of Negros Oriental. It is the capital, principal seaport, and largest city of the province. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 120,883 people. A person from Dumaguete is called a "Dumagueteño". The city is nicknamed The City of Gentle People.
Dumaguete is referred to as a university town because of the presence of four universities and a number of other colleges where students of the province converge to enroll for tertiary education. The city is also a popular educational destination for students of surrounding provinces and cities in Visayas and Mindanao. The city is best known for Silliman University, the country's first Protestant university and the first American private university in Asia. There are also 12 elementary schools and 9 high schools. The city's student population is estimated at 30,000.
The city attracts a considerable number of foreign tourists, particularly Europeans, because of easy ferry access from Cebu City, the availability of beach resorts and dive sites, and the attraction of dolphin and whale watching in nearby Bais City.
The city has a domestic airport which provides three daily flights to and from Manila through Cebu Pacific and two daily flights through Philippine Airlines and daily flights to Cebu City through Cebu Pacific.
The power source of the city comes from the geothermal power plant in Palinpinon, Valencia. The city has redundant fiber optic lines and is a focal point for telecommunications. It is the landing point for fiber optic cables linking it to Manila, the capital of the Philippines, the cities south of Luzon, as well as to other major cities in southern Philippines.
"Dumaguete" was coined from the Visayan word "daggit" which means "to snatch". Because of the frequent marauding attacks of the pirates on this once coastal town, and the power to attract and keep her visitors for good, the word "dumaguet" was coined, meaning "to swoop". Thus the name was christened to the village of Dumaguete. However, Diego Lopez Povedano in 1572 indicated the place as "Dananguet". But in 1734, Murillo Velarde referred to it using its present name of Dumaguete.
In 1890, the island-province of Negros was divided into two politico-military provinces, Occidental and Oriental. As earlier constituted, in 1898, Dumaguete was included in Negros Oriental. After the Philippine-American War, on May 1, 1901, a civil government was established by the Americans in the Province of Negros Oriental, including Dumaguete with the first city-mayor Meliton Larena Y Aureola.
When World War II broke out, the city was occupied by the Japanese Imperial Forces on May 26, 1942. It was liberated on April 26, 1945 by the combined forces of the United States, Filipino Soldiers and the recognized guerrillas.
The establishment of the local military general headquarters and camp base of the Philippine Commonwealth Army from 1942 to 1946 and the Philippine Constabulary 7th Infantry Regiment from 1944 to 1946 was stationed and located in Dumaguete during World War II.
Three years later on June 15, 1948, Republic Act No. 327, created the City of Dumaguete. Later, on June 21, 1969, Republic Act No. 5797 was enacted, otherwise known as the Revised Charter of Dumaguete City.
Tourism, the academe, BPO and technology-related activities, and the retail industries are the major sources of income for the city. BPOs and IT firms, as well as retailing, are the fastest rising industries.
Banking and Finance
Among the notable financial institutions with branches in various parts of the city are Bank of the Philippine Islands, Metrobank, Banco de Oro, RCBC, Robinsons Bank, Philippine Veterans Bank, and the Bank of Commerce. Also present are finance-based cooperatives such as the Perpetual Help Credit Cooperative, Inc. (PHCCI) and the Dumaguete Cathedral Credit Cooperative Inc. (DCCCO). The Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) has opened a new office building located on a one hectare land in the city's uptown area.
Hotel and Tourism
Data from the Department of Tourism show that Dumaguete and Negros Oriental are among the top ten most visited tourist destinations in the country. Tourists visit popular sites such as the Rizal Boulevard, Silliman Hall, and Campañario de Dumaguete which is considered as one of the oldest heritage landmarks of Central Visayas.
TeleTech office in Dumaguete
Business Process Outsourcing
Dumaguete's outsourcing industry services include from call centers, publishing, medical transcription, animation, editing, and architectural outsourcing. With more than a dozen IT and BPO locators, Dumaguete City is becoming one of the preferred Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) and Information Technology (IT) hubs of the Philippines.
Robinsons Place Dumaguete
Notable malls and shopping centers in Dumaguete include EverMall, Lee Super Plaza, Lee Plaza Hypermart, and Robinsons Place Dumaguete.